Pediatric-Vaccines Presentation in the US
Table of Contents Introduction Hepatitis B Vaccine Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Poliovirus Vaccine Rotavirus Vaccine MMR Vaccine Flu/Influenza Vaccine Conclusion References Introduction American children get vaccines routinely today Vaccination aims to protect from many diseases CDC usually schedules immunization for children Populations must recognize risk factors Vaccine education is recommended for patients Note: In the United States, children have to get vaccinated regularly. The purpose of immunization is to protect human health from existing diseases and illnesses. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is responsible for scheduling vaccines for children. It is the responsibility of parents and healthcare providers to discuss risk factors. Education for families is a crucial step that cannot be ignored during vaccination.
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Hepatitis B Vaccine Hepatitis B vaccine prevents hepatitis B It is given as 2-4 shots Patients from birth to 19 are vaccinated Allergic reactions and soreness are possible outcomes Changes could occur after leaving a hospital Note: Hepatitis B vaccine aims to predict the possibility of hepatitis B, a liver disease with lifelong complications. The CDC (2019b) recommends giving this vaccine as 2, 3, and 4 shots for children from their birth to 19 years of age. Soreness in the place of injection and allergies should be reported because they are the risk factors for young age patients. Parents must be educated about the possible health changes after children leave healthcare facilities. Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine PCV prevent pneumococcal bacteria-related diseases Four doses are needed to complete vaccination Children under 15 months are vaccinated Pain, swelling, and allergies are post-vaccine outcomes Recovery from illnesses is required before vaccination Note: PCV vaccine helps to prevent the development of 13 diseases (including pneumonia, meningitis, and sinus infections) that are caused by pneumococcal bacteria. The CDC (2019c) admits the importance of four doses of the vaccine for children at the age of 2, 4, 6, and 15 months. Although pain, swelling, and allergies may be observed after immunization, patients are able to predict complications. Parents should be educated about the peculiarities of this vaccine and make sure their children fully recover from previous illnesses and do not have specific allergic reactions. Poliovirus Vaccine Polio vaccination predicts poliomyelitis in children Four doses introduce a full vaccination course Age is from two months to six years Allergic reactions may be observed It is a stand-alone or combination vaccine Note: Poliomyelitis is a life-threatening disease caused by a virus and leads to paralysis, which makes a polio vaccine important for children’s health. Four regular doses of the vaccine occur at the age of 2, 4, and 18 months, and the last vaccination must be done before six years of age (CDC, 2018a). Children with allergic reactions are at risk of having severe complications with time. Therefore, healthcare providers educate parents and explain the possibility of using the polio vaccine as stand-alone or in combination with other medications. Rotavirus Vaccine Rotavirus vaccine protects against rotavirus disease Two- or three-doses are required Children aged 2/4/6 months are vaccinated Health problems, medication, and allergies are risks A weakened immune system is a threat Note: The spread of rotavirus is common among modern infants, and this disease leads to diarrhea, fever, and vomiting. To predict these conditions, the CDC (2018b) recommends parents getting their children vaccinated two or three times (depending on its type) at the age of 2, 4, and 6 months. However, it is necessary to stay cautious if children have additional health problems and allergies or take medications because they are at-risk groups. As a part of education, parents learn that if their children’s immune systems are weakened, no vaccination is necessary at the moment. MMR Vaccine MMR is against measles, mumps, and rubella Children should get two doses 12-15 months and 4-6 years are recommended International traveling exposes risks for bacteria Vaccination allergies must be reported Note: MMR vaccine is a complex against such diseases as measles, mumps, and rubella. According to the CDC (2019a), children get two doses: at the age of 15 months and at the age of 6 years. The major risk factor is international traveling and the possibility of being infected with bacteria from unknown sources. If any allergies occur, parents should report and be educated on how to help their children. Flu/Influenza Vaccine Vaccines prevent sickness and death by flu Children may be vaccinated every six months People of any age could get access Riskless protection against flu complications is promoted Flu is common with unpredictable outcomes Note: Flu is a common seasonable disease characterized by fever, runny nose, headache, coughing, and sore throat. To stay protected, the CDC (2020) suggests using a flu vaccine every six months at any age. There are no serious risks of flu vaccine, but its outcomes are crucial for human health. Therefore, patients must know that flu’s outcomes are hard to predict, but the spread of this disease may be prevented with the help of this vaccine.
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Conclusion Vaccination is a method of health protection Parents should protect their children Pediatric vaccination is a parental responsibility Families should be educated about schedules Each vaccination has its purpose and impact Note: In general, Americans consider vaccination as one of the possible means to protect their health. As a rule, parents are responsible for protecting their children and choosing pediatric vaccination. It is not enough to sing papers and get vaccinated. Education about immunization purposes and impacts is a good chance to understand the worth of these manipulations in regard to children. References The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018a). Polio vaccination: What everyone should know. CDC. Web. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018b). Rotavirus vaccination: What everyone should know. CDC. Web. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019a). Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination: What everyone should know. CDC. Web. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019b). Hepatitis B VIS. CDC. Web. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019c). Pneumococcal conjugate (PCV 13) VIS. CDC. Web. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). Who needs a flu vaccine and when. CDC. Web.
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