NSB204 Mentral Health

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NSB204 Mentral Health

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NSB204 Mentral Health

0 Download8 Pages / 1,971 Words

Course Code: NSB204
University: Queensland University Of Technology

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Country: Australia

This is an individual assignment of 1,700 words in two parts, each with several steps. Follow the steps for each part carefully.Related to the person in your selected case scenario your assignment will demonstrate your understanding of the following:• Mental Status Examination (MSE)• A clinical formulation including biopsychosocial history and your own MSE observations leading to the clinical formulation
• A nursing orientated handover• Recognising and responding to the mental health needs of the identified person by identifying best practice nursing interventions• How to engage a person in a therapeutic relationship• The application of cultural safety• The application of the recovery model/philosophy
You will need to justify your assignment points with reference to relevant literature. Students who plan to do well in this assignment, will read and use the unit readings as well as additional relevant evidence based practice resources.

The patient is a 41-year-old, female, named Mary.
Mary wore a pair of jeans and t-shirt and sandals.
She did not apply any makeup but her hair was brushed yet greasy looking.
The patient sat in hands clasped resting on the lap with the eyes low towards the floor posture.

Attitude towards the examiner

The patient was quiet and answered slowly and in monosyllables.
The patient was often absent-minded although she had the track of time, place and person.
The patient was quite defensive in her answers.
The patient spoke about her life feely with the examiner.
The patient was adamant and believed that she was not ill.


The patient has difficulty moving out of the bed.
She often feels like crying even in trifle situations.
Most of her days she feels low, having no driving force in herself to carry on the normal jobs.
She always feels very tired and does not have the urge to do volunteering jobs, which she used to do.
She did not feel like talking to the church members or her friends.
The patient’s affect can be defined as euthymic, as she did not show any signs of extreme behaviour nor any extreme fluctuations took place in her mood.


The patient spoke very slowly and softly.
The patient’s most answers were in monosyllables.
She spoke about her daily life, the time she spent at church, her work and so on.

Thought process

The patient thinks that she is a burden for the rest of the family.
The patient feels unworthy and feels that there is absolutely no hope in her life for getting better.

Thought content

The patient has no signs of delusion.
The patient is aware of the time, place and the people around her.
The patient feels that she is not ill and does not want to be admitted in the hospital for her condition.


The patient does not have the urge of doing impulsive things.
The patient has a hobby of helping in the community events and visiting the church.


The patient’s reliability could not be assessed at this moment.
Clinical Formulation Table

The 5Ps of assessing the mental health of the patient are:

Predisposing- the patient’s mother suffered from depression for 35 years and committed suicide nine months before from now. The patient was diagnosed with depression three years ago. She was hospitalized for five weeks and was prescribed Citalopram, which is an antidepressant.
Precipitating- the patient’s mother committed suicide nine months back so it might be a trigger for the patient’s condition.
Perpetuating- the patient always feels disappointed with herself. She lacks energy and finds it hard to crawl out of the bed. She has stopped making an effort for her presentation and her personal hygiene. She has stopped talking to her friends. The patient has also stopped volunteering in the community programs and going to church.
Protective- the protective factor for Mary is her family. She insists on staying at home, as she has to look after her children and husband.
Presentation- the patient clearly suffers from depression as her symptoms show. The symptoms, which indicate that she might be suffering from depression, are lacking energy all day, disvaluing you, she stopped talking to her friends and church members and so on.

Plan for Nursing Care
Two main problems of the patient, which requires special attention in the nursing plan, are:

The patient has low self-confidence and feels that she is unworthy of anything. She is always feeling low. The patient also thinks that she is a burden for the family and does not want to bother them in any way.
The patient is having difficulty in sleeping. She sleeps only for a few hours and awakes quite early. The patient does not feel like getting up from the bed.

Nursing intervention

The patient needs to be counselled that she is not worthless. Her self-confidence needs to be brought back. In this attempt, both the family members and the counsellor have to take part equally (KV, 2017). The counsellor needs to make the patient understand that she has achieved so much in her life and she is a strong woman. The family has to encourage her to do different things. The patient’s husband would play the most important role in bringing back her self-confidence, as he will have to try to support her, listen to her, encourage her, and pay attention to her (“Depression and Anxiety Issue Information”, 2014).

For the second issue, the routine of the patient needs to be regulated. A planned schedule should be set for the patient so that she wakes up and goes to bed at the same time(Cha & Sok, 2013). Having a healthy routine often helps the patient have a good sleep. The patient might try other methods such as taking shower before sleeping or even reading a book (Pariante, 2017). The nursing intervention should be solely based on non-pharmacological methods rather than prescribing her drugs to fall asleep.

Clinical handover
After the Mental status exam and the clinical formulation of the patient, it is to be noted that the patient’s wellbeing has been completely handed over to her family. Neither the patient nor her family is in support of the fact that she needs to be hospitalized (D?Arcy, 2013). Although before the official clinical handover some specific issues are to be highlighted for the family such as the patient has low self-esteem and thinks that her existence is a botheration for her family. The second issue is that she has stopped communicating with people, which makes her more depressed and lonely (Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, 2018). The main priority problems of the patient are explained to the family along with the suggested nursing interventions.
PART 2: Therapeutic engagement and clinical interpretation 
2.1  The Therapeutic Relationship
Establishing a therapeutic relationship with the client is an important aspect of the entire treatment process of Mary. In this stage, her symptoms can be counselled. Therefore, having a therapeutic relationship with the counsellor will help the patient to open up more and share her thoughts with the counselor (“Depression and Anxiety Issue Information”, 2014). The counsellor should also respect the relationship and try to understand the condition of the patient and be sympathetic to it. The therapeutic relationship works two ways so both the patient as well as the counsellor needs to preserve their genuineness and should not anything from each other(Deechakawan et al., 2014).
The patient Mary, suffers from depression, in this case, she is in a confused state where she can feel everything but it is difficult for her to channelize those feelings into words. The counsellor needs to go steady with her and give her some time to open up(Munhoz Carneiro, 2014). Building up this relationship will ensure that the patient will become comfortable in talking to the counsellor. The counselling treatment will be affected if the patient shares everything with the counsellor. The counsellor should also be a specialist for treating depressed patients.
2.2  Cultural Safety
Healthcare interventions are often guided by the cultural preference of the patient so that the patient does not have any difficulty accepting the treatment. The nursing care of the patients should always be formulated knowing the sex, ethics and the culture of the patient so that there are no barriers while providing treatment. Considering the cultural values will help the caretaker of the patient to communicate effectively. Thus, ensuring that the problems of the patient can be easily shared with the nurse (Canady, 2017).
The patient, Mary needs to communicate her condition to her counsellor so in that case if the counsellor is not culturally sympathetic with the patient that might become a gap in the therapeutic relationship between them. The patient is depressed and is constantly feeling negativity in everything. In this scenario, the counsellor should have known about the various omens or the various cultural issues of the patient. The patient might not be able to trust the nursing intervention sue to her cultural issues so she should be counselled according to the rules of her religion(Townsend & Morgan,2017).
2.3 Recovery-oriented Nursing Care 
The nursing plan has been formulated keeping in mind the mental condition of the patient. The various recovery principles are:

The uniqueness of the patient: the treatment procedure planned in the nursing intervention recognizes the patient’s mental condition and the current stage of her condition. The nursing plan has been prioritized according to the problems of the patient. Such as, the main problem of Mary is that she has low confidence and feels hopeless every day. Another point is that she is quite involved in her family so in this case, the family can help in increasing her confidence by encouraging her along with the counsel of the counsellor(Temel & Kutlu, 2015).
Real Choices: The patient was quite staunch about the fact that she did not want to go to a hospital. The choices of the patient have also been respected by the nursing plan as she has been recommended a course of treatment with a counsellor rather being admitted to a hospital.
Attitudes and rights: the intervention plan has been formulated keeping in mind the rights of the patient and the family. The plan has been mainly made according to the wishes of the patient, as she is an adult (Olfson & Marcus,2016).
Partnership and communication: the treatment of the patient has been handed over to the patient’s family. Therefore, the family knows the patient better. They can provide valuable information to the counsellor to help treat her.
Dignity and respect: the patient should be respected and the counsellor should be honest with his opinions about the patient. She is entitled to complete transparency from the counsellor(Hinton et al., 2015).
Evaluating recovery: the patient’s recovery rate should be measured from time to time to understand the effect of the treatment. The family members and the counsellor should monitor the patient.

Canady, V. (2017). FDA assigns Fast Track status to therapy for suicidal ideation. Mental Health Weekly, 27(35), 6-6. doi: 10.1002/mhw.31183
Cha, N., & Sok, S. (2013). Depression, self-esteem and anger expression patterns of Korean nursing students. International Nursing Review, 61(1), 109-115. doi: 10.1111/inr.12076
D?Arcy, Y. (2013). Turning the tide on respiratory depression. Nursing, 43(9), 38-45. doi: 10.1097/01.nurse.0000432909.39184.e1
Deechakawan, W., Heitkemper, M., Cain, K., Burr, R., & Jarrett, M. (2014). Anxiety, Depression, and Catecholamine Levels After Self-Management Intervention in Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Gastroenterology Nursing, 37(1), 24-32. doi: 10.1097/sga.0000000000000017
Depression | Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA. (2018). 
Depression and Anxiety Issue Information. (2014). Depression And Anxiety, 31(4), na-na. doi: 10.1002/da.22185
KV, W. (2017). Mental Health Status is Subjective and is Revealed in ADHD Distribution. Journal Of Psychiatry And Mental Health, 1(2). doi: 10.16966/2474-7769.112
Munhoz Carneiro, A. (2014). Depression Thoughts Scale: Association with Depression Rating Scales. Journal Of Depression And Anxiety, 03(02). doi: 10.4172/2167-1044.1000155
Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, M. (2018). Depression Tests, Treatment, Symptoms & Causes. 
Olfson, M., Blanco, C., & Marcus, S. C. (2016). Treatment of adult depression in the United States. JAMA internal medicine, 176(10), 1482-1491.
Hinton, L., Apesoa?Varano, E. C., Unützer, J., Dwight?Johnson, M., Park, M., & Barker, J. C. (2015). A descriptive qualitative study of the roles of family members in older men’s depression treatment from the perspectives of older men and primary care providers. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 30(5), 514-522.
Pariante, C. M. (2017). Why are depressed patients inflamed? A reflection on 20 years of research on depression, glucocorticoid resistance and inflammation. European neuropsychopharmacology, 27(6), 554-559.
Temel, M., & Kutlu, F. Y. (2015). Gordon’s model applied to nursing care of people with depression. International nursing review, 62(4), 563-572.
Townsend, M. C., & Morgan, K. I. (2017). Psychiatric mental health nursing: Concepts of care in evidence-based practice. FA Davis.

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