Face-Lift Surgery and Patients’ Self-Esteem
Table of Contents Claim Grounds Warrants Backing Qualifiers Rebuttal Application References Claim Plastic surgery has a long-standing effect on a patient’s psychological well-being due to the change in self-image and self-perception. In their article, Jacono, Chastant, and Dibelius (2016) discuss the specified issue, creating the tools that can help manage the problem. The authors posit that cosmetic surgery, particularly the rejuvenation of one’s face, has a lasting impact on one’s self-esteem and, thus, reduces the quality of one’s life significantly.
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Grounds To provide support for their statements, Jacono et al. (2016) use a combination of references to credible resources and the results of the study that they conducted among patients that have undergone face-lifting surgery. The authors used the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) to produce the required information and incorporate it into their study. Furthermore, the authors collected extra information by asking patients the following question: “How many years younger do you think you look after surgery?” (Jacono et al., 2016). Due to the clever use of both primary and secondary evidence, the research can be considered credible. Warrants The authors linked the evidence directly to the main question, thus answering it profusely. The outcomes of the data collection and its further analysis have reflected the attitudes among patients toward face-lifting surgeries and showed the dynamics in the target audience’s perception of their selves. Therefore, the results of the analysis should be regarded as a sufficient foundation for making further conclusions. Backing As stressed above, in addition to their experiment, Jacono et al. (2016) used reliable primary and secondary sources to prove their point. Due to a careful selection of relevant studies, Jacono et al. (2016) managed to create a clear picture of how people’s perception of their appearance and, thus, their self-esteem shape after the surgery. Specifically, Jacono et al. (2016) reference peer-reviewed articles that address the associated issues. Qualifiers The article has certain limiters, the choices regarding the methodology being the key ones. Specifically, the authors of the study have selected a combination of qualitative and quantitative approaches, which could be seen as an advantage (Brannen, 2017). However, the data that the authors utilize as a part of the qualitative analysis is based on rather subjective responses (Jacono et al., 2016). Thus, the research results need to be generalized to attain the status of credible evidence. Rebuttal In their counterargument against the evidence collected in the course of the analysis, Jacono et al. (2016) concede that the presence of subjective information may have affected the outcomes of the research to a certain degree. Therefore, some patients may experience changes in the perception of their image and the dynamics in their self-esteem after face-lift surgery. Furthermore, Jacono et al. (2016) assert that one should draw a line between aesthetic and medical purposes of face-lift surgery. Application The research is an important addition to the range of studies that address the problems of plastic surgeries. The article makes very efficient use of the available information by rearranging it and incorporating the elements of an independent study in order to represent a specific claim. Therefore, the paper by Jacono et al. (2016) can be treated as an important example of deconstructing an argument and studying the existing data in depth. It suggests that subjective information should be avoided in future studies and that each claim has to be supported by exhaustive evidence.
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References Brannen, J. (2017). Mixing methods: Qualitative and quantitative research. New York, NY: Routledge. Jacono, A., Chastant, R. P., & Dibelius, G. (2016). Association of patient self-esteem with perceived outcome after face-lift surgery. JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery, 18(1), 42-46. Web.