Administrative Law

Academic Anxiety?

Get an original paper within hours and nail the task

156 experts online

Free Samples

Administrative Law

.cms-body-content table{width:100%!important;} #subhidecontent{ position: relative;
overflow-x: auto;
width: 100%;}

Administrative Law

0 Download6 Pages / 1,446 Words

Discuss about the two acts the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) & the Privacy Act. And how FOIA and Privacy Act are necessary in today’s times for United States.

In this essay we are discussing two acts the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) & the Privacy Act. And how FOIA and Privacy Act are necessary in today’s times for United States. In this essay we also determine the effect lobbying has on public opinion of these Acts. Andwe examine whether lobbying rules and regulations regarding these two Acts should be changed.
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
(FOIA) act originate in heading 5 of the United States Code, Section 552.
The Freedom of Information Act is a federal statute. The act provides that any individual has a right to demand access to federal agency records. FOIA also establishes an assumption that data in the control of agencies and departments of the Executive Branch of the U. S. administration are available to the people. Except to the amount the data are protected from revelation by any of exemptions contained in the rule or by one of three particular rule enforcement data exclusions (U.S. Department of State, N.D).
FOIAhas its applicability only to federal agencies and it not gives any right of admission to data detained by Congress, law tribunal, state or local administration agencies (Homeland security, 2016).
The exemption categories that authorize government agencies to withhold information are:

Classified data for national defense or overseas policy.
Interior personnel system and practices.
Information exempted under different laws.
deal secrets and undisclosedtrade information
Inter-agency or intra-agency memoranda are secluded by lawfulbenefits.
information   concerned with  bank management
physical and geophysical data

Congress provided special protection in the FOIA for 3 narrow categories of law enforcement and national security records.The provisions protecting those records are known as “exclusions”. First Exclusion protects the survival of an ongoing criminal law enforcement examination .When the topic of the investigation is ignorant that it is awaiting and revelation could reasonably be expected to hinder with enforcement proceedings. Second Exclusion is restricted to criminal rule enforcement agencies and it protects the survival of informerdata when the informant’s rankis not establishedofficially.Third Exclusion is restricted to the FBI and it protects the survival of overseascleverness or counterintelligence, or globalviolencedata when the survival of such records is classified. Recordsnot come under exclusion are not the topicnecessities of the FOIA(U.S. Department of State, N.D)
The Privacy Act
The Privacy Act of 1974providessafety against attack of individualprivacy through the mistreatment of data byfederal Agencies (U.S. Department of State: Freedom of Information Act)The Privacy Act allows aninhabitant to study how records are composed, maintained, used, and how it is dispersed by the federal administration. The Privacy Act permits a human being to boost its admission to most private data maintained by central agencies. And to look for alteration of any imprecise, unfinished, premature, or immaterial information (U.S. House of Representatives)
The Privacy Act appliesonly to the data that are positioned in a “system of records.” We can define systems of records is  “a collection of any datain charge of any agency from which data is retrieved by the name of the human being or by other  identifying figure, sign, other identifying exacting assigned to the human being.”
Act guarantees 3 mainprivileges:

Right to see the data  about oneself, but  it is  subjected  to the Privacy Act exemptions;
Right to ask for the alteration of data that are not correct, pertinent, opportune or complete.
The right of persons to be safeguarded against unnecessaryattack of their privacyresultant from the collection, preservation, utilize, and revelation of personal information.

Any person who is citizen of U.S.A or unfamiliarlegally admitted for lasting residence, may create a demand for individual information on his behalf under the Privacy Act. There are certain steps to be followed to create a Request for Personal Records.
Requirements made under the Act will be processed together under both acts to make sure the most access to your individual records.
The dissimilarityamong FOIA and PA?
The main Dissimilarity among The FOIA and PA is that FOIA is an in order access regulation, whereas the PA is an in orderdefenseregulation with incompleteadmission provisions. Any person may present a FOIA request for any type of record, but a PA demand may only be made by the human being or by their  lawfullycertified representativewhich is enclosedin the requested records.
In spite ofto which law wequoteour request, we should processour demand under those act that gives us themaximumquantity of admission (Federal law enforcement training centers, 2015)
FOIA and Privacy Act are necessary
Persons can make use of the FOIA to getorganizationdataconnecting tothemselves, all should also be conscious of their options to make use ofthe Privacy Act for this purpose as well. Necessities for individualdata should be made together under FOIA and Privacy Act.FOIA, it only enables us togetadmission to suchRecords, Privacy Act establishes our right to accurate, alters, orWipe outdata, in which the data aboutus is not correct,Pertinent, opportune or complete. The Privacy Act permits to take legal action against the agency for negative response to right or alterour data,and for a negative response to give us access (Adler .A. R 2012).
The right of entry provisions of FOIA and the Privacy Act overlap in part. Both laws havedissimilar procedures and different exemptions. Many times information exempted under 1 law will be a topic of revelation under the other law. If we want to take utmostbenefit of the laws, any person who wants to seek data should normally cite both laws.
Any needs by a person for data that does not tell exclusively to him or her should be made only under FOIA. Congress intended that both laws should be considered together in the processing of requests for information. Administration agencies should mechanically handle requirements from persons in a way that will make the most of the quantity of data that is disclosable(U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 2012)
Lobbying effects onthese Acts and lobbying rules and regulations regarding the acts should be changed.
The rule of Lobbying legislation is intended to givedata to the community who is lobbying whom about what. The rule of Lobbying Act 2015 was signed into rule on 11 March 2015.
The main reasonfor this act is to give a web-based list of Lobbying to make information obtainable to the community on the individuality of those communicating with chosen public officials on exact policy, lawmaking matters or potential decisions.  Act also gives limitations and circumstances on the taking up of sure employments by surechosen officials for a particulartimewhen alikelydisagreement of attention arises. Act comes into effect on September 2015.
Regulator of Lobbying
Standards Commission is the Regulator of Lobbying. The Commission will supervise the completion of the list, check compliance, givedirection and help and when necessaryit inspects and follows the breaches of lawfulnecessities in due course. Standards Commission has a responsibility under the legislation to issue direction and information to encourageasympathetic of the legislation. Lobbying rules and regulations regarding these Acts should be changed but only to the extend it is beneficial to the public.
U.S. Department of State: Freedom of Information Act retrieved on 29-Aug-2016 from
Homeland security(2016)Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)retrieved on 29-Aug-2016 from
U.S. House of Representatives (N.D), committee on oversight and government reform,a citizen’s guide on using the freedom of information act and the privacy act of 1974 to request government recordsretrieved on 29-Aug-2016 from
Federal law enforcement training centers (2015), Guide To FOIA & the Privacy Actretrieved on 29-Aug-2016 from
U.S. Department of State: Freedom of Information Act, Information Access Guide retrieved on 29-Aug-2016 from
U.S. House of Representatives, committee on oversight and government reform,a citizen’s guide on using the freedom of information act and the privacy act of 1974 to request government records, the privacy act of 1974retrieved on 29-Aug-2016 from
Adler .A. R (2012), STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE to using the Freedom of InformationAct,retrieved on 29-Aug-2016 from
Lamdan, S. (2012), protecting the Freedom of Information Act requestor: Privacy for information seekers,retrieved on 29-Aug-2016 from

Free Membership to World’s Largest Sample Bank

To View this & another 50000+ free samples. Please put
your valid email id.


Yes, alert me for offers and important updates


Download Sample Now

Earn back the money you have spent on the downloaded sample by uploading a unique assignment/study material/research material you have. After we assess the authenticity of the uploaded content, you will get 100% money back in your wallet within 7 days.

UploadUnique Document

DocumentUnder Evaluation

Get Moneyinto Your Wallet

Total 6 pages


*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as

Cite This Work
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:


My Assignment Help. (2017). Administrative Law. Retrieved from

“Administrative Law.” My Assignment Help, 2017,

My Assignment Help (2017) Administrative Law [Online]. Available from:[Accessed 19 December 2021].

My Assignment Help. ‘Administrative Law’ (My Assignment Help, 2017) accessed 19 December 2021.

My Assignment Help. Administrative Law [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2017 [cited 19 December 2021]. Available from:

.close{position: absolute;right: 5px;z-index: 999;opacity: 1;color: #ff8b00;}


Thank you for your interest
The respective sample has been mail to your register email id


$20 Credited
successfully in your wallet.
* $5 to be used on order value more than $50. Valid for
only 1

Account created successfully!
We have sent login details on your registered email.


Password: is one of the noted service providers that deliver essay help. We provide tailored essay assistance to make sure that student gets online essay help exactly in the way they want it to be written. We at have built teams of consultants, who readily attend every query related to help me writing my essay. We provide essay writing help in forms of tips and steps in order o assist students with tough essay assignments.

Latest Business Law Samples

div#loaddata .card img {max-width: 100%;

BU1112 Business Law
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: BU1112
University: James Cook University is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

Part A
Whether Stella is considered as an employee of PRX?
The main difference between employee and independent contractor is stated below:
Employee entered into contract of service, but contractor entered into contract for services.
Employer exercise control over the employee but no control was exercised by employer on contractor. It is considered as traditional test which was developed in Zuijs v Wirth Bros(Zuijs…
Australia South Lake Management health finance management  University of New South Wales 

BSBWHS605 Develop Implement And Maintain WHS Management Systems
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: BSBWHS605
University: Swinburne University Of Technology is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

Work Health and Safety Management System (WHSMS) is a collection of plans, tools, activities and processes. List 3 of these plans, tools, activities or processes and explain what they are,
The means, nitty gritty beneath, can be utilized whether the arranging procedure is straightforward or complex. They are:
Evaluating the current word related to wellbeing and security status including the ‘administration framework’ Lussier, R. N…
Australia Brisbane Management Work Health and Safety Management System (WHSMS University of Brisbane MBA 

BUSN331 Business Law
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: BUSN331
University: Centennial College is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Canada

In Alberta, the Residential Tenancies Act applies to all the people in this jurisdiction, who rent their space out (Alberta Queen’s Printer, 2016). Through this act, the rights and responsibilities of the landlords and tenants are brought forward (Landlord and Tenant, 2015).
Question 1
Before a tenant can move in the rented accommodation, the tenant and the landlord have to reach an agreement, with regards to the…
Australia Edmonton Humanities Management University of New South Wales Masters in Business Administration 

LA1040 Contract Law
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: LA1040
University: University Of London is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United Kingdom

A contract is an agreement between the parties which is enforceable legally in the courts. There are several provisions of law which governs how the terms related to the contract would operate. A contract consists of a set of provisions which are known as contractual terms. The weightage of such terms are not equal as one term may have a more significant consequence as compared to the other in relation to their brea…
United Kingdom London Economics Management University of London 

TLAW202 Corporations Law
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: TLAW202
University: Top Education Institute is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

If any person wants to carry out his business in the form of a company, then, it is necessary that the registration or incorporation requirements of such country must be met. In Australia, the Corporation Act 2001 and the guidelines laid down by ASIC provides with the steps that must be accomplish in order to establish a corporate entity.  (Malbon & Bishop, 2006).
A company is of great significance as it is treated as a …


Need an essay written specifically to meet your requirements?

Choose skilled experts on your subject and get an original paper within your deadline

156 experts online

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

Tips and Tricks from our Blog